Victor Vasarely was born in Hungary in 1908. He moved to Paris in 1930 and quickly became a part of the Paris artworld. His work in painting, sculpture, prints and drawings is always abstract in nature and relies on the manipulation of visual sensations for its effect. Vasarely creates an optical illusion, giving an impression of movement to the painting. The shapes appear to shift under the eye. Vasarely was one of the pioneers of Optical art - Op Art - that developed alongside Pop Art in the 1960s. Op Art is based on the idea that the artist can persuade the viewer to see visual illusions by creating optical effects. Vasarely's work can be found in many major museum collections. He died in 1997.